超级大满贯

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青春之歌,回荡在几代中国人的青春记忆里

发布时间:2019-07-06 14:42:30 来源:光明日报 责任编辑: 阅读量:
  《青春之歌》是中国当代文学史上第一部描述革命知识分子成长史的优秀长篇小说,在广大读者、特别是青年中激起了巨大反响。林道静、卢嘉川、林红、江华……这一个个青年布尔什维克的鲜明形象

  《QINGCHUNZHIGE》SHIZHONGGUODANGDAIWENXUESHISHANGDIYIBUMIAOSHUGEMINGZHISHIFENZICHENGZHANGSHIDEYOUXIUZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO,ZAIGUANGDADUZHE、TEBIESHIQINGNIANZHONGJIQILEJUDAFANXIANG。LINDAOJING、LUJIACHUAN、LINHONG、JIANGHUA……ZHEIYIGEGEQINGNIANBUERSHENWEIKEDEXIANMINGXINGXIANG,DINGGEZAIRENMENXINZHONG,QISHIZHENIANQINGDUZHE:YIGERENDEYISHENGYINGDANGRUHEDUGUO,GERENSHENGMINGDEJIAZHIHEYIYIRUHEYUSHIDAIXIANGLIANJIE,YUZHONGGUORENMINDEJIEFANGSHIYE、ZHONGHUAMINZUDEWEIDAFUXINGXIANGLIANXI?《QINGCHUNZHIGE》SHANYAOZHEQINGCHUNHELIXIANGDEGUANGHUI,SHENSHENYINKEZAIZHONGGUOQINGNIANDEJIYIZHONG,ZAIJIDAIZHONGGUORENDEQINGCHUNSUIYUELI,DOUYOU《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DEXUANLVZAIHUIXIANG。

  YANGMOSHEXIANGGENJUZIJIDESHENGHUOJINGYAN,CHUANGZUOYIBU“ZICHUANTI”ZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO

超级大满贯  《QINGCHUNZHIGE》CONGYUNNIANGDAOWANCHENG,LISHILIUNIAN。1950NIAN,36SUIDEYANGMOPINFANYINBINGXIUYANG,ZAIBINGTONGYUGUJIZHONG,KANGZHANSHIQIDEJIYIJINGCHANGFUXIANZAITADENAOHAI。TAZAIRIJIZHONGXIEDAO:“WOYOUSHIHUIYIGUOQU,HUIYINEIXIEXISHENGDEZHANYOU、LAOBAIXING;YEHUIYIWOZIJINIANQINGSHI(BAOKUOXIAOSHIHOU)DESHENGHUO、JINGLI,ZHEIXIESHENGHUOWANHUATONGSIDESHICHANGZAIWOYANQIANHUANGDONG、LIAORAO,WOHENBUDEYIXIAZIBATAMENCONGXINSHANGYIDAOZHISHANG。”“JIARUYOUYITIAN,YOUYIBENSHENTOUZHEZIJIDEXINLING,DAZHEGERENSHENGHUO、DOUZHENGDELUOYIN,YEDANGYANGZHEQINGCHUNDEHUOYANDESHUCHUXIANZAISHISHANG,WOXIANG,WOJIUHUIBIANCHENGYIGEFEICHANGXINGFUDEREN!”YANGMOSHEXIANGGENJUZIJIDESHENGHUOJINGYAN,CHUANGZUOYIBU“ZICHUANTI”ZHANGPIANXIAOSHUO,ZHEIJIUSHI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》CHUANGZUODEYUANQI。

  ZAIDANGSHIDENIANQINGGEMINGZHISHIFENZI,YOUQISHINVXINGZHISHIFENZIZHONG,YANGMODEJINGLISHIYOUDAIBIAOXINGDE。1914NIAN,YANGMOCHUSHENGZAIBEIJINGYIGEMEILUODEGUANLIAODIZHUJIATING,1931NIAN,TAWEIKANGHUNLIJIACHUZOU,ZOUSHANGSHEHUI,DANGGUOXIAOXUEJIAOYUAN、SHUDIANDIANYUAN,HOULAIJIECHUZUOYIJINBUQINGNIANJIJINBUSHUJI,KAISHIXIANGWANGGEMING。1936NIAN,YANGMOJIARUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG,1937NIANQIQISHIBIANZHIHOU,TAZAIJIZHONGYIDAICANJIAKANGRIZHANZHENG,ZHIHOUCANJIAJIEFANGZHANZHENG,XIANHOUDANRENGUOXIANFUJIUHUIZHUREN、KANGLIANHUIXUANCHUANBUZHANG、BAOSHEBIANJIDENG。KANGRIZHANZHENGSHIQIDEJIZHONGDIQU,GANBUSHANGWANGLVFEICHANGGAO,XUDUOYUYANGMOYOUZHESHENHOUYOUYIDEZHANYOU,SANLIANGTIANQIANHAIZAIYIQIGONGZUO、TANXIAO,HURANJIUXISHENGLE,XISHENGSHIWANGWANGERSHILAISUI。YANGMOCENGZAIYIPIANWENZHANGZHONGSHENQINGHUIYITAMEN:《LIMINGBAO》KEZIYUANMADUNLAI,YUANYUANDELIANZONGHANZHEWENHEDEXIAO;QUWEISHUJILVFENG,CHANGZAIYEJIANYUYANGMOYIQICHUANXINGYUDIRENDEXINZANG,ZHAODAOQUNZHONGKAIZHANGONGZUO;DIGONGKEKEZHANGLISHOUZHENG,XIHUANWENXUE,YUYANGMOPENGMIANZONGYOUSHUOBUWANDEHUA;QUZHANGWANGTAI,ZIDANDAGUANGHOUXISHENGZAIXIONGXIONGLIEHUOZHONG,JIUZAIXISHENGQIANLIANGSANTIAN,HAISONGJIYANGMOYIZHICONGDIRENSHOULIJIAOHUOLAIDEJINGZHIDEXIAOHUAIBIAO……LIESHIMENWEIGUOJIAHEMINZUSHESHENGQUYIDEJINGSHEN,SHIYANGMOCHANSHENGLEQIANGLIEDECHUANGZUOCHONGDONG,KEWANGBALIESHIMENDEFENGBEIBANDAOGUANGDAQUNZHONGMIANQIAN,“ZHEISIXIANGXIANGMINGLINGSIDEZAIWOXINLIHONGXIANGZHE”。

  1951NIAN8YUE,YANGMOMINGQUELEYINVZHURENGONGDECHENGZHANGLAIJIANGOUZHANGPIANXIAOSHUODEXIANGFA,ZHEIJIUSHI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DEZHURENGONGLINDAOJING。ZUOPINYI“JIUYIBA”DAO“YIERJIU”ZHEIYILISHISHIQIWEIBEIJING,SUZAOLELINDAOJINGZHEIYIJUEXING、CHENGZHANGDEGEMINGQINGNIANXINGXIANG,JIANGLINDAOJINGDERENSHENGJINGLIRONGRUZHONGGUOZHISHIFENZIJIUWANGTUCUNDEHONGDAXUSHI。LINDAOJINGCONGGERENFANKANGRONGRUJITIDOUZHENG、CONGYOUZHIZOUXIANGCHENGSHU、CONGRUANRUOBIANWEIJIANQIANGDECHENGZHANGGUOCHENG,CHENGXIANDEZHENGSHIYANGMOYIJIYUTAYOUGUOGONGTONGJINGLIDEZHISHIFENZISUOZOUGUODEDAOLU。ZAIZHANGQIDEGEMINGDOUZHENGZHONG,YANGMOXINGCHENGLEGEMINGGONGZUOZHISHANGDEGUANNIAN,BINGYICIQUELIZIWODEJIAZHIHEYIYI,TAKEWANGZAIFENGXIANSHEHUIDEGUOCHENGZHONGHUODEZIYOU,YONGYOUBOLANZHUANGKUODERENSHENG。WEICANJIAKANGZHAN,YANGMOXIANHOUBAHAIZAICHINAIDENVER、GANGCHUSHENGDEERZIJIYANGCHUQU,“WOTIAOCHULEGANQINGDELAOLONG,ZOUCHULEXIAZHAIDEJIATING,TOUSHENDAOYIGEWEIDADEJITIZHONGLAILE!WOZHIDAODENGDAIWODESHIWEIXIANSHENZHISIWANG,YEXUWOJIANGYONGBUNENGJIANDAOWODENVER,BIQIYIGEGEMINGQINGNIANDUIYUGEMINGSHIYEDEXIANGWANG,NEISUANDELESHENMENI?”ERZUOPINZHONG,LINDAOJINGSUOYUDAODEGEGERENWU,TAZUICHUDELIANRENYUYONGZE、YINLINGTAZOUSHANGGEMINGDAOLUDE“JINGSHENDAOSHI”LUJIACHUAN、TAZUIZHONGDEGEMINGBANLVJIANGHUA、WENROUERJIANDINGDENVGONGCHANDANGRENLINHONGDENG,DOUYOUZHEYANGMORENSHENGGEGEJIEDUANDEYINGZI。

  1951NIAN9YUE,JINGGUOYINIANDUODEYUNNIANG,YANGMOKAISHIDONGBIXIEZUO,XIAOSHUOCHUMINGWEI《QIANCHUIBAILIAN》,HOUGAIWEI《SHAOBUJINDEYEHUO》,ZUIZHONGZAICHUBANSHIDINGMINGWEI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》。ZAIMANZHANGDEXIEZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,LIESHIMENDEFENGXIANJINGSHENZHICHENGYANGMOZHANSHENGLEBINGTONGDEZHEMO,“WOXIANGXIN,WONEIXIENIANJIQINGQINGJIUWEIGEMINGXIANLESHENDETONGZHI,HUIZHICHIWOXIE,GUWUWOXIE。TAMENNEIMESHENZHIDIHUOZAIWODEXINLI,WEILETAMEN,WOYUANYONGLEISHUIZUOMOSHUI,ZAIBAIZHISHANGDIDIDIYINSHANGTAMENXIANHONGDEXUEZI……”JINGGUOLIUQICIZHONGXIE、XIUGAI,XIAOSHUOCHUGAOZHONGYUZAI1955NIAN4YUEDIQUANBUWANCHENG。

超级大满贯  DUZHELAIXINLUOYIBUJUE,XUNWENLINDAOJING、LUJIACHUANDENGSHUZHONGRENWUSHIFOUHAIHUOZHE

超级大满贯  《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DECHUBANGUOCHENGCHONGMANBOZHE。YOUYUXIAOSHUOZHUYAOMIAOXIEZHISHIFENZISHENGHUO,YUXIEGONGNONGBINGDEWENXUEZHUCHAOYOUXIEYOULI,ZHONGGUOQINGNIANCHUBANSHENADAOCHUGAOHOUJUQIBUDING,YAOQIUYANGMOZIJIZHAOMINGZUOJIAXIESHENDUYIJIAN,RUGUOBEIZHUANJIAKENDING,XIAOSHUOJIUKEYIMASHANGCHUBAN。YANGMOTONGGUOMEIMEI、ZHUMINGYANYUANBAIYANGJIESHAO,QINGZHONGGUOWENLIANMISHUZHANGYANGHANSHENGSHENDU,YANGHANSHENGCHOUBUCHUSHIJIAN,JIUBAGAOZIZHUANJIZHONGYANGXIJUXUEYUANJIAOSHOU、LUXUNYANJIUZHUANJIAOUYANGFANHAI。OUYANGFANHAIXIELAI6000ZIDEZHANGXIN,TICHUFEICHANGXIZHIDEXIUGAIYIJIAN,YOUYUFENXIQUEDIANBIJIAODUO,ZHONGGUOQINGNIANCHUBANSHEBUZAIZHUDONGYUYANGMOLIANXI。ZAICHUBANWUWANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,YANGMOXIANGQIGUOQUDELAOTONGSHIQINZHAOYANG,QINGTABASHUGAOJIESHAOJIZUOJIACHUBANSHE。YOUYUQINZHAOYANGSHIREN《RENMINWENXUE》FUZHUBIAN,SHUOHUAYOUFENLIANG,ZUOJIACHUBANSHEJUEDINGJINKUAICHUBAN,DANYINWEIWAIBUSHEHUIYINSU、ZHIZHANGYANZHONGJINQUEDENGYUANYIN,XIAOSHUODECHUBANYIZAIYANDANG,ZHONGGUOQINGNIANCHUBANSHEYEXIANGCHENJINAHUIXIAOSHUODECHUBANQUAN。JIJINGZHOUZHE,《QINGCHUNZHIGE》ZHONGYUZAI1958NIAN1YUEYOUZUOJIACHUBANSHECHUBAN。

  LINGYANGMOBENRENDOUMEIYOUXIANGDAODESHI,XIAOSHUOCHUBANHOUHENKUAICHENGWEICHANGXIAOSHU,DUANDUANBANNIANSHIJIANJIUFAXING39WANCE,ZHI1959NIAN6YUEGONGYINSHUA13CI,FAXING121WANCE。DAO1990NIANZHI,LEIJIFAXING500WANCE。DUANDUANJIGEYUESHIJIAN,YANGMOCONGMOMOWUWENDEPUTONGGANBUBIANCHENGZAIBAOZHISHANGJINGCHANGCHUXIANDEZHIMINGRENWU。

超级大满贯  QINGNIANXUESHENGSHI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》ZHUYAODEDUZHEQUN。BEIJINGDAXUESHENGWUXISANNIANJIXUESHENGCENGPAIDUILUNLIUKANXIAOSHUO,DAJIADOUHENJIQIE,YOUGETONGXUESHENGBINGZHUYUAN,“WOMENBAKANSHUDEYOUXIANQUANJILETA,ZHEIBEIRENWEISHIZUIHAODEGUANHUAIHEHENDADEXINGYUN”。YOUXIETONGXUEHAOBURONGYINADAOXIAOSHUO,“WANFANYEBUCHIBAOHUOZHEGANCUIBUCHIJIUDAOCANKAOSHIQUZHANZUO,YIKANJIUSHIYIGEWANSHANG”。

超级大满贯  《QINGCHUNZHIGE》ZAIXUDUOGONGCHANGYEHENLIUXING。BEIJINGSHIDIANZIGUANCHANGYIHAOCHEJIANERGONGDUANYIBANDE30WEIQINGNIAN,JINGRANYOU27RENKANGUO《QINGCHUNZHIGE》。《QINGCHUNZHIGE》HAIDIDALEBIANJIANGZHIDIDEKUANGSHAN。YUANZAIZUGUONANLINGSHANMAIFUDIDEKUANGYEGONGRENLIUTIESHAN,ZAIQIHOUJIQIELIEDETIAOJIANXIAGONGZUOYITIANHOU,WANSHANGZAIMIANQIANGNENGKANQINGZIJIDEDENGGUANGXIA,YUEDUYUANFANGDEPENGYOUSHAOLAIDE《QINGCHUNZHIGE》,BINGJIJIXIANGTONGBANTUIJIAN。HEQIFANGTANLVDICHENGREN,ZIJIZAICHUDU《QINGCHUNZHIGE》SHI,DUITAXIYINDUZHEDECHENGDU“SHIGUJIBUZUDE”,“JUEDETAWEIBINENGGOUXIYINQINGNIANZHISHIFENZIYIWAIDEGUANGDADEDUZHE”。SHISHIZHENGMING,BINGFEIRUCI。

超级大满贯  NONGMINWENHUASHUIPINGPUBIANBURUGONGREN,DANTAMENYESHI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DEZHONGYAODUZHEQUNTI。1963NIANDI,ZAI《WENYIBAO》《SICHUANWENXUE》《HUNANWENXUE》DENGKANWUZUZHIDEDIAOCHAZHONG,FAXIANXUDUOQINGNIANNONGMINDOUYUEDUGUO《QINGCHUNZHIGE》,HUOTINGGUOSHILINZAIZHONGYANGRENMINGUANGBODIANTAIBOJIANG《QINGCHUNZHIGE》。HAIYOUBUSHAOSHUOCHANGYIRENZAICHAGUAN、SHUCHANG、JIZHEN、CHEZHANDENGCHANGSUO,XIANGSHIZIBUDUOHUOBUSHIZIDEQUNZHONGCHUANBO《QINGCHUNZHIGE》。ZAISHAOHOUZHEJIANG、SHANGHAIDENGDINONGCUNXINGQIDE“JIANGXIAOSHUOHUODONG”ZHONG,《QINGCHUNZHIGE》YESHIZHONGYAODEJIANGSHUDUIXIANG。

  ZHISHINVXINGYESHI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DEZHONGYAODUZHE。YANGMOCENGRENHEBEISHENGANGUOXIANFUNVKANGRIJIUGUOHUIZHUREN、JIZHONGSHIFENQUKANGRIJIUGUOLIANHEHUIFUNVBUZHANG,1949NIANHOUYOURENBEIJINGSHIFULIANXUANCHUANBUFUBUZHANG,DUIFUNVJIEFANGWENTIYOUGUOSHENRUSIKAO。YANGMOBANVXINGJIEFANGWENTIYUZHISHIFENZIDAOLUXUANZEHEERWEIYI,SHILINDAOJINGDECHENGZHANGGENGYOUSHUOFULI。DANGSHICHENGQIANSHANGWANDEZHISHINVXING,YULINDAOJINGYOUZHEDAZHIXIANGTONGDEZAOYU、SIXIANGHEQINGGAN,CONGXUNQIUGERENCHULUERZOUSHANGLEGEMINGDAOLU,TAMENNENGGOUCONGLINDAOJINGDECHENGZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGKANDAOZIJI,CONGERCHENGWEIXIAOSHUODEZHONGSHIDUZHE。《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DUINVXINGDESHENGCUNZHUANGTAIHENVXINGJIEFANGWENTIDESHUXIE,YINQIZHONGGUOFUNVJIEFANGYUNDONGDEXIANQUDENGYINGCHAODEGONGMING,DENGYINGCHAOCENGDUOCIGULIYANGMOZHANSHENGJIBINGDUOXIEZUOPIN。XIZHONGXUNDEAIRENQIXIN、XIAOKEDEAIRENQIANXIANFO、DENGTUODEAIRENDINGYILANDENG,YEZHANGQIGUANXINYANGMODEJIBINGYUXIEZUO。

  DUZHELAIXINLUOYIBUJUE,XUNWENLINDAOJING、LUJIACHUANDENGSHUZHONGRENWUSHIFOUHAIHUOZHE。YOUYIGEZHANSHILAIXINBIAOSHI,YIKOUQIDULELIANGBIAN,POQIEXIANGZHIDAOLINDAOJINGXIANZAISHENMEDIFANGGONGZUO,JIAOSHENMEMINGZI,TADESHENTIZENMEYANG,BINGSHUOBUDUILIHENDUOTONGZHIDUWANHOU,DOUGUANXINTA,HUAINIANTA。WUHANJUNQUKONGJUNSILINGBUMOUBUSHENZHIKAILAIGONGHAN,QINGQIUZUOJIAYANGMOTIGONGLINDAOJINGDEJUTIDIZHI,YIBIANZHIJIEYUTALIANXI,GENGHAODIXIANGTAXUEXI。YOUJIGENANJINGDENVXUESHENGLAIXINSHUO,TAMENCENGJICIDAOYUHUATAIXUNZHAOLUJIACHUANDEFENMU,FEICHANGYIHANMEIYOUZHAODAO……

超级大满贯  《QINGCHUNZHIGE》YUANHESHOUDAORUCIRELIEDEHUANYING?YANGMOBAZUIZHENZHIDEGEMINGQINGGANYUZHUIQIURUDANGDESHENSHENGGANZHURUZUOPIN,SHI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》HUANFACHUXUANLIDEGUANGCAI,MANZULEDUZHEDEYUEDUQIDAI,ZHEISHIXIAOSHUOCHANGXIAODEGENBENYUANYIN。HEQIFANGRENWEIZUOPINSHOUDUZHEHUANYING,SHOUXIANZAIYUQI“HUOYANYIBANDEGEMINGREQING”,BAREN、MATIEDINGYERENWEIGEMINGDEJIQING、XIANMINGDEAIZENG、REQINGDEBIDIAO、ZHENGYIDELILIANGDENG,SHIXIAOSHUOXIYINDUZHEDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。DUOSHUDUZHELAIXINDOUBIAOSHIYAOYILUJIACHUAN、LINHONG、LINDAOJINGWEIBANGYANGGAIZAOZIJI,YIXIEDUZHEBIAOSHIYAOCONGYUYONGZE、XUNINGDECUOWUZHONGXIQUJIAOXUN,XIAOSHUOYINCIBEICHENGWEI“ZHISHIFENZISIXIANGGAIZAODEJIAOKESHU”。XIANZAIXUDUORENRENWEI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DUIDUZHEDEXIYINLI,ZHUYAOYUANYU“YIGENVRENHESANGENANREN”DEGANQINGXI,ZHEIXIANRANSHIYI20SHIJI80NIANDAIYILAIDELIUXINGGUANNIANJIEDUGEMINGSHIQIDEWENXUE,ERHUSHILEBUTONGSHIDAIYOUBUTONGDEYUEDUFENGSHANG:DANGSHIDEWENXUEYUEDUBINGFEIJINSHIYIZHONGXIAOQIANYULEXINGWEI,GENGSHIYIZHONGXUNZHAORENSHENGZHILUHEZHENGZHILIXIANGDEFANGSHI。

  XIAOSHUOCHUBANHOUCHANSHENGLEHONGDONGXINGYINGXIANG,YEYINFALEJILIEDEZHENGYI。DUZHEGUOKAIJIANRUIPIPINGYANGMOYITONGQINGDETAIDUXIELINDAOJINGDEXIAOZICHANJIEJISIXIANG,MEIYOUXIELINDAOJINGYUGONGNONGXIANGJIEHE,CONGERZAI《ZHONGGUOQINGNIAN》《WENYIBAO》《DUSHU》DENGBAOKANYINFAGUANYU《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DEDATAOLUN。

  1959NIAN《ZHONGGUOQINGNIAN》DI4QIFABIAOMAODUNDE《ZENYANGPINGJIA〈QINGCHUNZHIGE〉》YIWEN,WEIZHEICITAOLUNZUOLEZONGJIE。MAODUNMINGQUEKENDINGLE《QINGCHUNZHIGE》“SHIYIBUYOUYIDINGJIAOYUYIYIDEYOUXIUZUOPIN”,“LINDAOJINGSHIYIGEFUYUFANKANGJINGSHEN,ZHUIQIUZHENLIDENVXING”,RENWEILINDAOJINGZHEIGERENWUSHIZHENSHIDE,“YINER,ZHEIGERENWUSHIYOUDIANXINGXINGDE。”BINGZHIZEWUDUANCUBAODEPIPINGZHE:“RUGUOWOMENBUQUNULISHUXIZIJISUOBUSHUXIDELISHIQINGKUANG,ERZHISHICONGZHUGUANCHUFA,YONGJINTIANTIAOJIANXIADEBIAOZHUNQUHENGLIANGERSHINIANQIANDESHIWU,ZHEIJIUHUIXIANYUFANLISHIZHUYIDECUOWU”。YANGYI(JIANGNANXIANG)、LIUDAOSHENGDENGCANJIAHELINGDAOGUOXUESHENGYUNDONGDEREN,YEDOURENWEILINDAOJINGDECHENGZHANGGUOCHENGJUYOUDIANXINGXING,GOULECHUYIDAIQINGNIANZHISHIFENZISUOZOUGUODEGONGTONGDEDAOLU。

超级大满贯  1959NIANXIABANNIAN,YANGMOGENJUGEFANGMIANDEYIJIAN,DUIXIAOSHUOJINXINGXITONGXIUGAI,BUXIELELINDAOJINGZAINONGCUNDEQIZHANG,YUE8WANZI,ZENGJIA、XIUGAILINDAOJINGHEBEIDAXUESHENGYUNDONGDESANZHANG,CIHOUYOUDUIXIAOSHUOJINXINGZHENGTIXIUGAI、DIAOZHENG,BINGYU1960NIANZHENGSHITUICHU《QINGCHUNZHIGE》ZAIBANBEN。ZHEICIXIUGAIZHUYAOWEIRAOLINDAOJINGDEXINGXIANGZHANKAI,ERLUJIACHUAN、LINHONGZAIXIUGAIBENZHONGJIHUMEIYOUSHENMEGAIBIAN,ZHEILIANGGEWEIDADEDANGYUANXINGXIANG“SHIWOERSHIDUONIANLAIZAIDOUZHENGSHENGHUOZHONGGUANCHA、TIYANSUONINGJUCHULAIDEZHENSHIRENWU”,YANGMODUITAMENQINGZHULESUOYOUDEAI,“ZAICHUANGZAOLUJIACHUAN、LINHONGZHEIXIESHISIRUGUIDEGONGCHANDANGYUANXINGXIANGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WOZIJIDEJINGSHENJINGJIEJIUFANGFOSHENGHUALE,JIUFANGFOFEIYANGDAOCHONGGAODEJINGJIEZHONG。TAMENJINTIANYIJINGCHENGLEWOXINMUZHONGDEDAOSHIHEPENGYOU,YINWEIZHEIYANG,WOCAIGANDAOHENNANBATAMENDEXINGXIANGZAIJIAGAIDONG。”

  YANGMOCENGSHUO:“YUQISHUO《QINGCHUNZHIGE》SHIWOYIGERENXIEDE,BURUSHUOTASHIJITIZHIHUI、JITILILIANGDECHUANGZAOGENGHESHI,YEBURUSHUOTASHIDANGDEGUANGHUILISHIDEZISHENSHANXIANGENGHESHI。”YEKEYISHUO,《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DEXIEZUOYUFANFUXIUGAIDEGUOCHENG,SHIYANGMOJITONGSHIDAIZHISHIFENZIDECHENGZHANGJINGLI、JINGSHENJIEGOU、LIXIANGXINYANG、TONGKUHUANLEYUXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUZHISHIFENZISIXIANGLICHENGXIANGHUQIHE、XIANGHUDUIHUADEJIEGUO。

  DENGYINGCHAOJIYANGMOXIEXIN:“《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DIANYINGWOKANGUOBUZHIYICI,XIAOSHUOYEKANDAO‘WANGSHI’”

  YOUYUXIAOSHUO《QINGCHUNZHIGE》CHANSHENGHONGDONGXINGYINGXIANG,XIAOSHUODEDIANYINGGAIBIANWENTICHENGWEIWENYIJIEGUANZHUDEJIAODIAN。ZAOZAIXIAOSHUOCHUBANZHIQIAN,YANGMODEMEIFU、DAOYANJIANGJUNCHAOJIUKAISHIZHESHOUDIANYINGJUBENDEGAIBIAN,1958NIANSHANGHAIDIANYINGZHIPIANCHANGBA《QINGCHUNZHIGE》LIERUPAISHEJIHUA,BINGXUANHAOLEDAOYANHEYANYUAN。YOUYUZHOUYANG、CHENHUANGMEIDENGLINGDAOJIANCHIYOUYANGMOZIJILAIGAIBIAN、YOUBEIJINGDIANYINGZHIPIANCHANGLAIPAISHE,SHANGYINGCHANGGAIBIANHEPAISHEDEQINGQIUBEIFOUDING。1959NIANCHU,ZAIBOJIQUANGUODE《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DATAOLUNZHONG,YANGMOXISHOUGEFANGMIANDEYIJIAN,BAXIAOSHUOGAIBIANWEIDIANYINGWENXUEJUBEN。BEIJINGSHIWEIDIYISHUJIPENGZHENZHISHIDENGTUO、YANGSHUDENGLINGDAO“YIDINGYAOYONGZUIHAODEJIAOPIAN,BA《QINGCHUNZHIGE》PAIHAO”。WEILEXUNZHAOSHIYANLINDAOJINGDEZUIJIARENXUAN,DAOYANCUIWEIZAIQUANGUOFAQIYICHANGXUNZHAO“LINDAOJING”DEHUODONG,TONGGUOMEITIBAODAO,FADONGGUANGDAQUNZHONGDUILINDAOJINGHEQITAJIAOSEDEBANYANZHETICHUJIANYI,SHENZHIYUANZAIYINNIDEHUAQIAOYEJIBEIYINGCHANGJILAILEYANYUANMINGDANBIAO。BAIYANG、ZHANGRUIFANGDENGZHUMINGYANYUAN,DOUXIANGSHIYANZHEIGEJIAOSE,CUIWEILIPAIZHONGYI,DADANQIYONGLEHUBEIGEJUYUANBUZHIMINGDEXIAOYANYUANXIEFANG。

  CANYUDIANYING《QINGCHUNZHIGE》PAISHEYUZHIZUODERENYUAN,DADOUYOUZHEXIANGTONGDELISHIJINGYANYUQINGGANTIYAN。DAOYANCUIWEICANJIAGUOBEIPINGDEXUESHENGYUNDONGHEJIZHONGDENONGMINDOUZHENG,“WOSHUXIDANGSHIDELISHIQINGKUANG,WOLIJIELINDAOJINGDESIXIANGHEDOUZHENG,DONGDETADEKUAILEHEYOUSHANG,YINWEIWOYESHIYANZHETASUOZOUGUODEDAOLUZOUGUOLAIDE,ZHEIYESHIWONENGJIANGZHEIBUYINGPIANPAIHAODEZHONGYAOSIXIANGJICHU。”XIEFANGSUIRANMEIYOUGEMINGDOUZHENGJINGLI,DANTASHENGZHANGZAIGAOJIZHISHIFENZIJIATING,NENGGOUZHUNQUEBAWOLINDAOJINGDECHENGZHANGGUOCHENG,ZHUAZHULINDAOJINGSIXIANGQINGGANDEBIANHUA。QINYIWEILEJINRULINHONGDENEIXINSHIJIE,BAITIANDU《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DEPINGLUNCAILIAO,WANSHANGKAN《GEMINGLIESHISHICHAO》《HONGQIPIAOPIAO》,HAIPAODAOTIANANMENGUANGCHANGQUXUNZHAOLINGGAN。YINLEJIAJUXIXIANWEI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》XIEYINLESHI,TEYIZHONGWENZIJI、YESHILINDAOJINGZOUGUODELISHI,BINGZAIYINLEZHONGYINRU《WUYUEDEXIANHUA》《JIUWANGJINXINGQU》《YIYONGJUNJINXINGQU》DENGTAMENQINGNIANSHIDAISUOCHANGDE“QINGCHUNZHIGE”DEXUANLV,LAIBIAODACHONGGAOERMEIHAODESIXIANGGANQING,“ZAIJINTIANZAICHANGQITASHIJIUFANGFOZHONGFENGZIJIZUIQINMIDELAOZHANYOUNEIYANGJIDONGRENXIN。”

  ZAIXIANGGUANLINGDAOSHENKANYINGPIANSHI,CHENYIRENWEIYINGPIANDADAOLEGUOJISHUIPING。ZAICHENYITUIJIANXIA,ZHOUENLAIFUFUYAOQINGDAOYAN、BIANJUHEZHUYAOYANYUANLAIDAOZHONGNANHAIXIHUATINGJIAZHONG,HETAMENYIQIZAICANTINGLINSHIGAIDEXIAOFANGYINGSHILI,GUANKANDIANYING《QINGCHUNZHIGE》。YANGMOZAIRIJIZHONGXIANGXIJILULEZHEIGESHIKE:“ZONGLIZUOZAIZHONGJIAN,LIANGBIANSHIDENGDAJIEHEWO。……YINGPIANFANGYINGZHONG,ZONGLIHURANNIUTOUXIAOSHENGDUIWOSHUO:‘XIAOCHAOHENXIHUANKANNIDEXIAOSHUO《QINGCHUNZHIGE》……’WONENEDISHUOBUCHUHUALAI。CIKEWONENGDUIZONGLISHUOSHENMENI?DANGYINGPIANFANGYINGLEJIANGJINSANGEXIAOSHI,JIUYAOJIESHULE,ZONGLIYOUDUIWOSHUO:‘XIAOCHAOSHENTIBUHAO,KANDIANYINGZHINENGKANDAOYIBAN。KESHIJINTIANTANENGBAZHEIMEZHANGDEYINGPIANYIQIKANWANLE。’”DENGYINGCHAOHOULAICENGJIYANGMOXIEXIN,SHUO:“《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DIANYINGWOKANGUOBUZHIYICI,XIAOSHUOYEKANDAO‘WANGSHI’。”

超级大满贯  DIANYINGZUIZHONGZAIQUANGUOFANGYING,BEIJING、SHANGHAI、WUHANDENGCHENGSHIDEYINGYUANQUANBUBAOMAN,HENDUOYINGYUAN24XIAOSHIFANGYING,CHUXIANXUDUORENEZHEDUZITONGXIAODADANPAIZHANGDUIMAIDIANYINGPIAODESHENGKUANG。KANGRISHIQILIUXINGDEGEQU《WUYUEDEXIANHUA》YINZHEIBUDIANYING,ZAICILIUXINGQUANGUO。

超级大满贯  RIBENGONGCHANDANGZHUXIYEBANCANSANZAIGUANGZHOUKANGUODIANYINGHOU,ZHUWEN《ZHONGGUOZHISHIFENZISUOZOUDEDAOLU》,HAOZHAORIBENQINGNIANYUEDU《QINGCHUNZHIGE》,ZHICHULINDAOJINGDEDAOLUJIUSHIRIBENQINGNIANYINGGAIZOUDEDAOLU,BINGSHUO“NVZHURENGONGZAIRUDANGSHIJUSHOUXIANGDANGHERENMINXUANSHI,YONGTANEICHONGMANLEXIYUEHEZIHAODEMUGUANGNINGSHIZHEHONGQIDESHENTAI,JIRENLIUXIALESHENKEDEYINXIANG”。YINGPIANZAIRIBENERSHIDUOGECHENGSHILUXUSHANGYING,YINIANZHONGYIBUKAOBEIGONGFANGYINGLE3249CI,XUDUOQINGNIANGONGRENKANGUOYINGPIAN,FENFENTIJIAOJIARURIBENGONGCHANDANGDESHENQING。XIEFANGGENSUIZHONGGUOFUNVDAIBIAOTUANFANGRIQIJIAN,DONGJINGDEDAJIESHANGYECHUXIANLELINDAOJINGDEJUFUJUZHAOHEHUAXIANG。ZAICHAOXIANHEYUENAN,YINGPIANYESHENSHOUHUANYING。

  1986NIAN,《FANGFEIZHIGE》CHUBAN;1990NIAN,《YINGHUAZHIGE》CHUBAN。ZHEILIANGBUZUOPINSHI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》DEYANXU,DANYINGXIANGLIYUANBUJI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》,“QINGCHUNSANBUQU”DEDAIBIAOZUO,RENGSHI《QINGCHUNZHIGE》。

超级大满贯  1995NIAN12YUE,YANGMOQUSHI。ZAIYANGMODEZHUIDAOHUISHANG,“《QINGCHUNZHIGE》JIAOYULEZHENGZHENGYIDAIREN”CHENGWEISHUODEZUIDUODEYIJUHUA。JINTIAN,“QINGCHUNZHIGE”SIGEZI,YIJINGCHENGWEIPOJUXIANGZHENGYIWEIDEYUCI,JINRURENMENDECHANGYONGCIKUZHIZHONG。《QINGCHUNZHIGE》QISHIZHEXINSHIDAIDEQINGNIAN,YINGGAISHULIZENYANGDERENSHENGGUAN、JIAZHIGUAN,JIANGGERENDEFAZHANYUGUOJIADEJIANSHEJIEHEQILAI,YONGYUCHENGDANSHEHUIHELISHIDEZEREN,BUDUANKAIKUOZIJIDEXINXIONGHEYANJIE,SHIZIJIHUODEGENGKUAIGENGHAODEFAZHAN,YESHIZIJIHUODEGENGDUODEKUAILE、XINGFUYULILIANG,RANGQINGCHUNFACHUXUANLANDEGUANGCAI。

  (ZUOZHE:WUXINJUN,XIHENANDAXUEWENXUEYUANJIAOSHOU,BOSHISHENGDAOSHI)

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